Public Improvement Districts
Our Public Improvement District (PID) program allows for groups of property owners to request special property tax assessments for the provision of services above typical City of Dallas levels. Working with City staff, each PID may select its own budget and categories based on its goals and needs, subject to Chapter 372 of the Texas Local Government Code. This may consist of eligible supplemental activities such as marketing the area, providing additional security, landscaping and lighting, street cleaning, and cultural or recreational improvements. Each PID is operated by a designated management organization. There are currently fourteen (14) PIDs in the City of Dallas.
Public Improvement Districts*To determine if an address is within a PID boundary enter the address in search box below. *Tourism PID not shown.
Commercial and Mixed-Use PIDs - Boundaries with less than 30% of land area dedicated to detached single-family homes (excluding undeveloped subdivisions).
Single-Family PIDs - Boundaries with a minimum of 30% of land area dedicated to detached single-family homes in established areas (those that are at least 80% of the single-family lots are developed). The City PID policy does not allow the creation of PIDs in undeveloped subdivisions. Single-Family PIDs (excluding the Prestonwood PID, subject to City Council renewal) may be created for the purpose of funding screening wall improvements, park improvements and maintenance, landscaping, other public improvement and additional security (if less than 50% of the total PID budget).
Criteria for District Creation
General Standards - PIDs may be created or renewed by a petition of the property owners within the proposed boundary area that meets the threshold for the district type. Petitions are subject to verification by the City that the person signing is the owner and has the authority to sign. Petitions do not need to be notarized.
PID petitions shall include this additional note: “With respect to community property, the City may accept the signature of a spouse as a representation of both spouses that they support the creation or renewal of the PID absent a separate property agreement. However, if staff is made aware of any disagreement among owners of community property those petitions will not be counted."
PID assessments are based on a set rate based on total property value. The maximum PID assessment in Dallas is $0.15 per $100 valuation.
PIDs in Dallas are allowed to fund any item provided by state law. Property owned by the City of Dallas is not subject to assessment by any PID (excluding the Dallas Downtown Improvement District).
Thresholds for Commercial and Mixed-Use PIDs - For new or renewing Commercial or Mixed-Use PIDs, the City requires that property owners representing at least 60% of the value and 60% of all record property owners or 60% of land area support the creation or renewal of the PID.
Thresholds for Single-Family PIDs - For new or renewing Single-Family PIDs, the City requires that property owners representing at least 66.7% of the property value and 66.7% of all recorded owners or 66.7% of land area support the creation or renewal of the PID.
Overlapping Districts - With the exception of the existing boundaries of the Klyde Warren Park/Dallas Arts District and Dallas Tourism PIDs, no future PIDs will be allowed to be created or modified to overlap the boundaries of another PID.
Renewal Process Changes - The boundaries of existing PIDs can be modified during the renewal process (with an updated map as part of the petition). However, a boundary change during the existing term of a PID may only be considered if a re-petition of the entire PID area (both current boundary and proposed modified areas) meets the minimum criteria for creation/renewal and the $15,000 application fee.
Dallas Tourism PID - The boundaries of the Dallas Tourism PID include hotels over 100 rooms at the time of creation. Any hotels that drop below that level during the term will be removed from the assessment roll. New hotels may only be added during the next renewal or re-petition process.
Petitions - PID petitions are due on April 1st annually for approval by October 1st. Signatures for PID petitions must be gathered between October 1 and April 1 prior to the submission of the petition.
Fees - An application fee of $15,000 will be required for all new or renewing PIDs. This fee may be reimbursed to the PID management entity out of PID assessments when collected. This fee is regulatory in character so it approximates the costs of administering the PID through creation or renewal by City staff. The fee will be used for direct expenditures and to compensate the City of Dallas for creation and renewal staff time expended. If the City of Dallas costs for this process are less than $15,000, the remainder will be reimbursed to the PID applicant. The application fee will not be counted as part of the 15% maximum for administrative expenses in a PID budget.
Additional Requirements - A PID application for creating or renewing a PID should include a current list of included properties and the tax roll. City staff will assist in this process in coordination with the PID and appropriate appraisal districts.
PID applications should include a map acceptable to the Office of Economic Development and a legal or clear description of the property included in the District. This does not require that the applicant provide property surveys.
A PID application for creating or renewing a PID shall include a section that clearly identifies the benefit of the PID to the affected property owners and to the city as a whole and also evidence of insurance.
PIDs must be self-sufficient and not adversely impact ordinary service delivery of the City.
Administrative expenses, including costs for day to day City Staff administration, for a PID must not exceed 15% of the total budget in any year.
A PID Service Plan must contain procedures for the termination of the PID without imposing unintended costs on the City of Dallas. A PID cannot be dissolved without a petition from property owners and must be sufficient as for creation or renewal in accordance with Chapter 372, Section 372.005(b).
Upon approval of a PID, City staff will file the resolution creating the PID including the assessment roll in the appropriate county deed records and provide contact information so that a title company may determine how much of an assessment is owed or paid for each property in the PID each year. This will ensure that a title company can pro-rate the assessments for the year between the buyer and seller in the same way the title company is responsible for calculating and collecting the taxes apportioned between the buyer and seller at the date of closing. This practice will not involve separately recording documents for each parcel within a PID.
Any management firm for a PID is required to:
- submit quarterly reports of all activities and expenditures;
- an annual independent audit of all PID expenditures;
- and shall hold an annual meeting open to all property owners and held in a public meeting space with written notice to all property owners in the PID at least two weeks prior to this meeting to provide an opportunity for property owner questions, comments and input to be considered during the PID Budget and Service Plan approval process.
Exceptions or Special Districts
Special purpose PIDs may be requested by the City Manager’s Office to address unique issues, subject to state law petition requirements.
The maximum PID assessment in these districts may be above $0.15 per $100 valuation.
These PIDs are be allowed to fund any item provided by state law. These Districts may be used to address special facility maintenance and beautification issues. Administrative expenses in these districts shall not exceed 10% of the total budget in any year.